In the largest Born Free student demonstrations since apartheid ended in 1994, in October following the Rhodes demonstration, young men threw rocks after a week of student demonstrations of both black and white against proposed hikes in university fees. The police reacted with stun grenades, rubber bullets and water cannons. A BBC news report showed a young woman trying to stop the violence to no avail. The #FeesMustFall campaign closed some of the major universities and rallied large crowds at parliament in Cape Town in the capital, Pretoria. They won when President Zuma agreed to no increase in university fees in 2016. A BBC TV reporter said youth delivered “a potent new message” because the ANC or other political parties didn’t participated in the grassroots protest.