New civil disobedience is conducted on the Internet by individual young male whistleblowers who publish secret government documents exposing US government and private corporations’ secret surveillance. Hactivism revealed the Nation Security Administration’s secret documents. Millennial generation information leakers in the US include Jeremy Hammond, Bradley Manning, Barrett Brown, Aaron Swartz, Samy Kamkar, and Edward Snowden, who all value open sharing of information.[i] Snowden said, as a member of the “post-terror generation:” “There’s a limit to the amount of incivility and inequality and inhumanity that each individual can tolerate.”[ii] Manning explained why she (a transgendered person, she changed her name from Bradley to Chelsea Elizabeth) made government secrets public; “I feel connected to everybody, like they were distant family” who deserve to know the truth. This illustrates the impact of the Internet global network. Manning stored his hacked data on a CD disc labeled Lady Gaga. European file-sharing geeks include Swede Svartholm Warg, Peter Sunde member of the Pirate Party of Finland, Swedes Gottfrid Svartholm and Fredrik Neij, German Kim Dotcom.
[i] Nozomi Hayase, “The Whistleblowers at the Frontier of Digital Liberation,” ROAR Magazine, August 13, 2013.
[ii] Bryan Burrough, Sarah Ellison, and Suzanna Andrews, “The Snowden Saga,” Vanity Fair, May 2014.