Monthly Archives: February 2017

What concerns Millennials from 30 countries

The 2017 Deloitte Millennial Survey of almost 8,000 full-time employees from 30 developed and emerging countries asked about their greatest concerns. Overall, the top issue is political conflict and tension (56%), while in emerging markets they are more likely to worry about crime/corruption (58%) and hunger, health, and inequality (50%). Overall, the second concern is about terrorism (29%), followed by unemployment at 25%. They realize that automation will bring major changes to their workplaces and a majority (51%) think they will need retraining. Climate change was towards the bottom of their concerns; although 59% believe that have some accountability for protecting the environment, only 38% believe they can create a “significant” influence. They have most hope about making change locally in advocacy groups and local companies; 88% say business has a positive impact on the world around it with the highest agreement in emerging markets.


The survey reported that Millennials generally reject the “new agenda” of radical political leaders like Donald Trump in favor of those who want gradual change. They do want “straight-talking” and passion in leaders. They are most satisfied working for liberal/relaxed managers than authoritarian ones and like to work collaboratively and consensually with flexible hours.


“The 2017 Deloitte Millennial Survey”

Review of Academic Success book

Biblio File: Chico State professor helps students ‘harness the power of the mind’

By Dan Barnett, Book Columnist

Posted: 02/25/17, 4:06 PM PST | Updated: 10 hrs ago


Gayle Kimball is Chico State University Department of Sociology professor emerita. In her writing she blends “energy work” (using acupressure, meditation and visualization “to harness the power of the mind”) with a deep passion for reaching students around the world who are trapped in conditions that make it a challenge to succeed.

Challenges may come from without (poverty, social discrimination) but also from within (procrastination, fear, aimlessness), and in her new book Kimball provides hundreds of resources that help students become overcomers, even activists. She also includes “the advice and experience of young people from various countries to discover how they succeed and to provide insight into the global youth culture….”

“Your Mindful Guide To Academic Success: Beat Burnout” ($9.99 in Amazon Kindle edition from Equality Press) focuses on cultivating good study skills, developing strategies for taking tests and writing essays, “clearing emotional blocks to success,” using the internet to increase educational access, and joining youth movements around the world to “fight for a more just and equitable world.”

Kimball draws on a wealth of information about, for example, learning disabilities, “balancing the left and right sides of the body,” positive self-talk, depression, being a student of color, and more. (The section on how to research is written by former Butte College librarian Morgan Brynnan.)

Kimball advises students to “structure regular time for exercise, socializing, quiet time, and volunteer work that you feel passionate about so you don’t burn out. I’d also like you to think about the influence of sex-role socialization in your choice of major and career objectives. Try to think outside the typical, the normal. In a world that’s increasingly global and unequal, my other hope is that you’ll be an activist in whatever cause is most important to you.”

There’s a companion Facebook page called Test Success: How To Cope With Stress And Anxiety (

Kimball is scheduled to speak at a free workshop on “Mind Power To Achieve Your Goals” during the Emotional Tune-Up Seminar, sponsored by the Chico Area Recreation and Park District from 12:30-4:00 p.m. Thursday, March 23 at Lakeside Pavilion, 2565 California Park Drive.

“Mom” is a youth term of praise

Have you heard this???

“Mom” is used as a term of praise by young fans in the US for people like a Supreme Court Justice: a “Jezebel” website headline demanded, “You leave our mom Ruth Bader Ginsburg alone, you monster,” and singer Beyoncé’s fans declared that she is “everyone’s mom.” [i]Singer Taylor Swift is also called “mom,” although she doesn’t have children. Female roommates sometimes call each other “mom.”

[i] Jessica Bennett, “On the Internet, to Be ‘Mom’ is to Be Queen,” New York Times, December 3, 2016.

International Women’s Day 2017

International Women’s Day on March 8 has been observed globally since the early 1900s. You would think facts like the following would no longer be pertinent: A UN fact-finding mission in the US in 2015 reported a shocking gap between rhetoric and the facts of “women’s missing rights” in the US. They said, “In global context, US women do not take their rightful place as citizens.” The report specifically pointed to the increasing barriers to abortion and other reproductive health care, low numbers of women legislators (the US ranks number 72 globally), a 21% gender wage gap, and cuts to social safety net programs. Many of Trump cabinet appointees voted against the Violence Against Women Act and the Fair Pay Act, as well as being anti-choice and climate change deniers. The silver lining of the Trump Administration is women are in the forefront of standing up for human rights, famous like Elizabeth Warren, Sally Yates, plus the large numbers of unknown women who show up at townhalls around the country. Representative David Brat told a meeting of conservatives in Virginia, “We’re getting hammered. Since Obamacare and those issues have come up, the women are in my grill, no matter where they go.” When the Senate prohibited Warren from continuing to read Coretta Scott King’s letter protesting racist Jeff Sessions appointment, a Twitter storm resulted with the hashtag #shepersisted where women posted pictures of their heroines like Coretta Scott King, Rosa Parks, Margaret Sanger and Ruby Bridges. Young women globally exhibit great courage in fighting for their fights, as I discovered researching a book about them (you’re invited to critique chapters). Think of Pakistani Malala Yousafzai’s advocacy of education for girls since she was 11, awarded the Nobel Peace prize at age 18. As a Muslim, would Trump want to ban her from our country? Young women led more recent uprisings in Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen, Morocco, Israel, and Chile; the list is available on Women and allies will continue to be in legislators’ grills.


who are US Millennials?

Millennials, born between 1980 and around 2000, are the largest, best educated, and most diverse generation in US history—about 42% are people of color.[i] About 61% of adult Millennials attended college and more of their generation are completing their degrees, burdened by over $1 trillion in student loan debt. However, college graduates earn more than workers with only high school diplomas. Many of them believe what makes their generation unique is their connection to technology and at least three-quarters of them have a social media account. They value creativity and doing good on the job: This ties in to the desire of many of them to become entrepreneurs. An altruistic generation, they are more likely than older generations to say they want to make a contribution to society and they feel a strong connection to family, partly because their parents spent more time with them than older generations.

[i] All facts in this paragraph are from this report. “15 Economic Facts About Millennials,” The Council of Economic Advisors, October 2014.

youth self-esteem in different cultures

Self-esteem is different culturally.[i] For example, in some studies North American young people had higher scores than Chinese and Japanese students, and students in the UK had higher scores than students in Nigeria. Another study found that self-esteem is more associated with life satisfaction and well-being in individualistic cultures like the US than in collectivist ones like China and Korea. Low self-esteem in adolescents is associated with external locus of control, higher depression rates, and lower academic achievement, High self-esteem is linked to parental warmth and acceptance both in some Western countries and China and Japan. A study of 11th graders in the US, Czech Republic, China and Korea found higher self-image in the US and China with less depression than in Czech Republic and Korea, indicating the degree of individualism wasn’t influential, while parental influence is important. Boys had slightly higher self-esteem scores, but not to the point of statistical significance. For all four countries, students with more educated parents had higher self-esteem.

[i] Susan Farruggia, et al., “Adolescent Self-Esteem in Cross-Cultural Perpective Testing Measurement equivalence and a Mediation Model,” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, November 2004.

DOI: 10.1177/0022022104270114


Title for book on how global youth will change our future

How Global Youth Values Will Change Our Future
How Global Youth Ideas Will Change Our Future
please let me know which title you like best, or an alternative.

Here’s the TOC:
Chapter 1: A Global Generation
Get to Know Eva, Abel, Sahar and Yuan; Global Youth Worldview; Tends Shaping Our Future

Chapter 2 Generation Gap
Teenaging of Culture vs. War on Kids; Generation Gap; Generation We or Me?; Helicopter Parents Want School Success; What Youths Think About Adults

Chapter 3 Modern Values
Morally Lax?; Modern Cultural Creatives; Generational Differences in Values; Individualism vs. Collective Values; Respect for Elders is a Common Value but is Diminishing; Youth Value Education, Service and Career But Feel Burdened

Chapter 4 Traditional Values
Critics of Modern Values and Stress; Traditional Rural vs. Modern Urban Values; Traditional Values in First Generation Immigrant Youths; Youth Are Becoming More Family-Focused

Chapter 5 Religious Beliefs
Religious Beliefs; Participation in Organized Religions

Why are teen girls becoming more depressed?

Pew Research Center focus groups with adolescents ages 12 to 18 revealed that many teens feel overwhelmed by the pressure to present a perfect image on social media.[i] This pressure seems to be especially difficult for girls, who are more likely than boys to suffer from major episodes of depression, according to a study published in the journal Pediatrics.[ii] The Johns Hopkins University researchers analyzed self-report interviews with more than 172,000 adolescents in the US from 2005 to 2014, finding that more teens were depressed and three-fourths of them were girls (an increase in depressive symptoms from 13% to 17%, compared to boy’s increase from 4.5% to 6%). The authors cite other studies finding a greater increase in depressive symptoms in girls than boys and point to girls’ greater use of texting that makes them vulnerable to cyberbullying, and increases in girls’ self-injury. The researchers reported that about one in 11 teens suffer from a major depressive disorder each year. Although suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents, only 10% of the depressed teens saw a medical professional. For young adults, 18 to 25, the increase in symptoms was less than 1%, to around 10% (females 12%, males 7%). The fact that the increase occurred more in teens than young adults suggests that economic stress isn’t the main cause, but rather the increase in peer pressure from social media is problematic, to which girls are more vulnerable.

Boys have higher rates of depression until mid-puberty when girls are more depressed, a trend that continues through adulthood.[iii] This trend is not based on biology because the pattern doesn’t hold in traditional societies and ones where the traditional female role is highly valued such as Amish, Orthodox Jews, or in some Mediterranean countries, but has to do with gender roles that socialize girls to be affiliational and boys to be achievers. Many boys (including other primate youngsters) grow up playfully insulting and fighting with each other, which makes them less sensitive to criticism. Females are more likely to report symptoms of depression and anxiety and to seek help, partly due to role socialization that boys are supposed to be independent problem-solvers rather than sissies. Hence boys may turn to sports, drugs and alcohol rather to mask their pain rather than admitting weakness to a person.

Other explanations for more likelihood of depression for girls are: they are more likely to be sexually abused, they are expected to be well-behaved in a narrow range—there’s no parallel belief to “boys will be boys,” and have a more external locus of control rather than internal one because they are more protected and controlled. “Tomboy” girls may be tolerated but I don’t hear the use of this term anymore. By age six, girls are less likely than boys to view their gender as “really, really smart,” while boys were less likely to say their gender gets top grades in school—girls do tend to get better grades.[iv] Boys are taught to have more self-esteem, called on more by teachers, and allowed to monologue in class. A 20-year study found that boys in elementary and middle school received eight times more teacher attention than girls, discussed in the AAUM Report How Schools Shortchange Girls (2013).[v] A British educator, Mary Bousted, reported it’s “dangerous for girls to be assertive, speak confidently, take up class talk time or defend their opinions” because they can become targets of abuse from classmates.[vi] Feeling helpless is linked to anxiety and depression. As teens, girls are more judged on how they look than boys, are more likely to suffer from cyberbullying, and to care about the reaction to their posts on social media sites like Instagram. This may be due to their socialization to be attractive and judged by what boys like them. Assertive girl “brains” may not get asked out on dates as some boys want to feel superior, due to their socialization to compete and win. It looks like girls still need assertiveness training and be taught to have an internal locus of control rather than being so reactive to their peers’ judgments.

[i] Patti Neighmond, “Depression Strikes Today’s Teen Girls Especially Hard,” NPR, February 13, 2017.

[ii] Ramin Mojtabai, Mark Olson, Beth Han, “National Trends in the Prevalence and Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults,” Pediatrics, November 2016.

[iii] Marco Piccinelli and Greg Wilkinson, “Gender Differences in Depression,” British Journal of Psychiatry, Dec 2000, 177 (6) 486-492; DOI: 10.1192/bjp.177.6.486

[iv] David Miller, “Stereotypes Can Hold Boys Back in School, Too,” The Conversation, February 1, 2017.


David Sortino, “When Boys Get More Classroom Attention than Girls,” Press Democrat, December 13, 2012.

[vi] Graeme Paton, “Teachers ‘Should Stop Rowdy Boys Dominating Lessons,’” The Telegraph, September 13, 2013.

College Financial Aid Suggestions

Financial aid advisor Maria Olson provides these suggestions about getting financial aid faor college.
Students should know to look up the Cost of Attendance (COA) for each school they are considering.
First Generation college students do need a lot of support and they should explore grant-funded programs like EOP, TRiO, ETS and Upward Bound.
In California, students who have DACA, or are otherwise undocumented have the CADAA (CA Dream Act Application) available for them to apply for state financial aid. Students in these categories are not eligible for Federal Financial Aid, unfortunately, so they would not submit a FAFSA.
There is also a separate application in CA for Foster Youth. They would fill this out in addition to the FAFSA or the CADAA.
Students who are eligible to fill out the FAFSA do not need to also apply for CA state aid. FAFSA sends their info to CSAC (the CA Student Aid Commission) for applying for state aid as well as federal. Other states may do this too, but I only know this is the case in CA.
Students can check the status of their Cal Grant awards, or eligibility, by creating their own student account through:
Also in California, high school students can take advantage of financial aid workshops put on in conjunction with their high schools, CSAC, and local colleges and universities. These workshops are called Cash for College and we just finished our last events for the season. We helps students and parents fill out the FAFSA and CADAA applications, and answer questions.
Our website is also a wealth of information for explaining types of grants and for scholarship search tips: Students and parents should peruse the Financial Aid website of each school they are planning to apply to. This is a great way to do research to come up with informed questions prior to calling or making an appointment in person.