Interviews with 40 young activists (15 were female) after the Sisi coup from October 2013 to February 2014 reported that they coped with the trauma of the failure of the revolution by withdrawing from politics and numbing their feelings. Many of them suffered violence at the hands of the regime, including tear gas, torture, and sexual harassment of both sexes. Many had friends and family who were also injured or killed or who opposed their politics. Despite their trauma, mental health services were lacking. One of the interviewees explained that things got worse since the revolution and SCAF’s take over, plus the cost of living increased: “so all these people died for nothing and all these people will die for nothing. And this gets me like no hope.” Another young man said, “I don’t think that this country has any hope, has any, any, any hope, unless young people are in power. After the revolution those people were very resistant to the idea of change.” This giving up despite the fact that many young people criticized their parent generation for being apathetic.
Vivienne Mathies-Boon, “The Political is Personal: Trauma in Post-Revolutionary Egypt,” Working Paper.
Huge peaceful protests against corruption occurred in 2017, in the largest demonstrations since 2011 and 2012. Since the Kremlin controls the news media it ignored the protests. In a day of demonstrations in 99 cities on March 25, the demonstrators called them “strolls” to avoid the ban on unsanctioned gatherings. Many of the protesters were teens, as seen in videos posted on social media. They carried rubber duck toys or photos of them because of opposition leader Aleksei Navalny’s statement that the oligarchs even build houses for their ducks. Some demonstrators painted their faces green in reference to green dye thrown at Navalny earlier in the month by a pro-government activist. The charges of corruption featured Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev’s accumulation of yachts and mansions in a video. Navalny’s Foundation for Fighting Corruption organized the demonstrations to expose corruption, rather than attacking Putin directly, but some protesters yelled, “Putin is a thief.” Protesters tried to block he police van carrying Navalny away and chanted, “Russia without Putin” and “This is our city” and wave Russian flags, as shown on video.[i] Around 1,000 protesters were arrested in Moscow as police quickly moved in to halt the protests. Navalny planned to run against Putin in the 2018 presidential elections, so he was convicted of fraud charges in February to make him ineligible to run for office. The US State Department condemned the arrests.
Hollaback and Safecity websites warn women about street harassment locations. Mexico City ranked worst in a survey of 16 international cities for harassment on public transportation. In response, a city program gives whistles to women to break the silence and some young women video record harassment and post it on the Las Morras YouTube channel. Another Mexican feminist group confronts harassment with loud punk music and shooting a confetti cannon at the perpetrator. UN Women’s “Safe Cities and Safe Public Spaces for Women and Girls” program advocates more women-only buses and train cars, similar those found in India, Egypt, Iran, UAE, Indonesia, and so on.
Lauren Ferreira Cardoso, “Street Harassment is a Public Health Problem,” The Conversation, March 19, 2017.
GUATEMALA: How We Ousted Our President
By Mercedes | 14 March, 2017
“Mercedes Ordonez Jop was part of the movement that drove out a corrupt president and restored Guatemalans’ love for their country.
Enough is enough! No more corruption. Resign now, Mr. President!
The general strike of 27 August 2015 was historic for the people of Guatemala. That day we awoke from years of silence and stood up united against repression. The nation-wide strike was the largest and most peaceful protest in the recent memory of our country, and it was convened primarily through social networks.
Together as a nation we decided that we had had enough of our government’s corruption and abuse. We took the future of our country in our own hands, and raised our voices to demand that the president, Otto Pérez Molina, step down. Today he is imprisoned and expecting a trial, so he can pay for all his crimes in jail.” See more……
Russia orchestrated The “Gerasimov Doctrine” that called for an emphasis on using continuous “information warfare” to divide and distract Western countries and for continuous information warfare over military warfare. During the 2016 presidential election, Russians and hackers in Albania and Macedonia programmed bot attacks (computer commands) placed automated bogus posts on social media in favor of Trump and against Clinton. The bots searched for and posted news helpful to Trump and hurtful for Clinton. For example, the bots targeted Bernie Sanders voters during the campaign, planting hate stories on their sites—fake news, about Hillary Clinton. The stories posted by the bots linked to reactionary sites like Russian RT and Steve Bannon’s Breitbart. The Russians used WikkiLeaks to publicize hacks from the Democratic Headquarters at strategic points when Trump lagged in the polls and exaggerated the impact of Clinton’s use of a private email server. It’s possible that Russian use of information warfare achieved their aims as Trump attacks NATO and the State Department.