Offering an optimistic view, in her book Fifty Million Rising: The New Generation of Working Women Transforming the Muslim World (2018), Pakistani researcher Saadia Zahidi makes the case that revolution follows the increasing number of educated and employed women, access to smartphones, and the large percentage of young adults in these countries. The tipping point for change is 30 percent, she reports, and currently women are more than 31 percent of the workforce in the Muslim world, “transforming culture.” A third of the working women entered the workforce in this century, predictive of increasing numbers of young women achieving independence—similar to the Prophet’s first wife, businesswoman Khadija. Zahidi believes that the largely negative view of Muslim women in the West will have to change to fit the new reality. And so will Muslim men: Zahidi found that many Egyptian men don’t want their wives to work outside the home, seeing it as a threat to their masculinity.
 Saadia Zahidi. Fifty Million Rising: The New Generation of Working Women Transforming the Muslim World. Nation Books, 2018, p. 237.