Monthly Archives: October 2018

Will college students vote?

Activist Resources

Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution is available in affordable paper and ebook.

Reviewed By Edith Wairimu for Readers’ Favorite 5 stars

Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 by Gayle Kimball provides a platform for thousands of youths, from 88 countries spanning various continents. More than 4000 surveys and hundreds of interviews were conducted. Its focus is on global issues, mostly those pertaining to women on a global scale. We read the real points of view of women on gender equality and how they envisage the future. Gayle Kimball presents the issues that affect young women among different cultures. She also records young people’s take on material wealth, and the positive and negative roles that global media has played in defining the status of women. Statistics which give weight to the material are included in every chapter and topic. Direct quotations of the interviewees’ opinions are also incorporated as well as thought-provoking questions.

It was great to read a book that focuses on a group that has been overlooked by many researchers in the past. Even though the youth are the future and although they make up a vast component of the world’s population today, their voice is yet to be sufficiently recognized. Another great aspect of Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 was that Gayle Kimball captured the true voices of women across the world. It was fascinating to read the opinions of these women. Interestingly, most of their statements shared similar sentiments. They believe that it is time: time for the inclusion of women and time for equality. Uniquely designed and expertly presented, Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 inspires and champions women forward.


A book for first-year students: Your Mindful Guide to Academic Success: Prevent Burnout. Also a $10 ebook.



If you’re interested in women’s culture, two older anthologies I edited are

Ed. Women’s Culture (Scarecrow Press)

Ed. Women’s Culture Revisited. (Scarecrow Press)



Resist! Goals and Tactics for Changemakers, 400 pages, will be available as a $10 ebook later this month.


Part 1: Issues and Goals

Chapter 1: Globalization Issues


Chapter 2: Democracy vs. Autocracy


Chapter 3: Equal Opportunity vs. Poverty


Chapter 4: Change Work


Chapter 5: The Bottom Line: Environmentalism


Chapter 6: Who are the Changemakers?


Part 2: Tactics and Theories

Chapter 7: Activist Tactics

Chapter 8: How to Make a Revolution


Chapter 9: Theories about Social Movements and Power 


Chapter 10: Communication Techniques to Gain Support




Female Comic Superheroes

Recommendations from the Women’s Studies list serv about female superheroes:

I’d add this from my book Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution:


A list of the best 19 female cartoon characters was compiled by The Telegraph newspaper.[i] A Pakistani TV cartoon series called Burka Avenger spread to India and other countries in 2015. The heroine is a teacher named Jiya who wears a burka as a disguise to fight the ban on girls going to school, attacks on polio health workers by Taliban extremists, child labor, environmental destruction and other current issues.[ii] Some feminists criticize showing the burka as a symbol of liberation but Jiya is powerful. Despite progress, few girls submit their films to youth film festivals, despite film schools like Reel Girls for girls nine to 19.

Wonder Woman is the favorite female comic book superhero (since 1941), according to The Secret History of Wonder Woman (2015). The UN even appointed her as honorary ambassador for gender empowerment in October 2016 in an effort to reach young people. The campaign called “All the Wonder We Can Do” received some criticism and petition against it for picking a white woman cartoon figure in hot pants with an US flag design. One of her DC writers noted that Wonder Woman is queer due to her origins in Themyscira, an all-female island in Greek mythology. A movie about her was released in 2017, part of a long history of sexy warrior goddesses and heroines.[iii]

However, female superheroes are rare. Some are listed online, along with film superheroines.[iv] A website called collects positive female comic characters. The Marvel comic titled Ms. Marvel features a Pakistani-American teenager called Kamal Khan, the first Muslim girl hero in mainstream comics, collected in a book by G. Willow Wilson (2014). Marvel’s Riri Williams took over from Iron Man. She’s a science genius who went to MIT age 15. Kamal talks about women’s rights with the imam at her local mosque in Jersey City. The first Latina superhero called La Borinqueñaa was created by Puerto Rican artist Edgardo Miranda-Rodriquez.[v] Also at DC Comics, Beth Ross is the first female and teen president in Pres, elected on Twitter in 2036.[vi] (The comic can be purchased online.) Boom Box comics publishes “The Lumberjames” about a diverse group of girls at a summer camp including queer girls, “Goldie Vance” about a teenage black girl who solves mysteries, “Giant Days” about three female university students, and “Jonesy” about a Latina teenager.


[ii] FP Staff, “Burka Avenger Cartoon Series Coming to India to Empower Girls,” First Post, April 15, 2015.


[iii] Christian-Georges Schwentzel, “Selling Sex: Wonder Woman and the Ancient Fantasy of Hot Lady Warriors,” The Conversation, May 25, 2017.



[vi] Tim Beedle, “Are You Ready for Prez’s Mark Russell,?” DC Comics, August 27, 2015.

Sophia Rose Arjana’s *Veiled Superheroes*


Tim Hanley’s Wonder Woman Unbound, which discusses the feminist aspects of the character in different phases


Carolyn Cocca’s book Superwomen (published with Bloomsbury). There is also an excellent edited volume on Superheroes and Identity edited by Mel Gibson published by Routledge.


Check out Christina Blanch’s work at Aw Yeah comics:


Whaley’s *Black Women in Sequence* and Fawaz’ *The New Mutants.* Mafe’s *Where No Black Woman Has Gone Before* isn’t about comics, but it is about women heroes in popular culture and may be helpful.

‘Pinjratod’: Indian Women Students’ Movement Against Sexist University Policies

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Girls are unrealistically expected to solve poverty in the global South

Gender, Development Policy and Global Political Economy notes from a lecture by Alf Gunvald Nilsen

Only 45% of the global population is covered by at least one social protection benefit. ILO


$500 iPad. Cost of assembly is $6.50


Women average $11,000 a year, men $20,000 in 2016. World Economic Forum.


Feminist research and activism is that gender is a socially constructed power relation. Empowerment is practiced as collective conscientization and mobilization. This changed to emphasize individual strategies through entrepreneurship.


Agency is the ability to challenge and change oppressive power structures.


600 million adolescent girls: Girl effect dividend is large if girls attended school and waited to have children. Girls in the global South are positioned as disproportionately responsible for solving poverty.


Gender, Development Policy and Global Political Economy by Alf Gunvald Nilsen. 10-18