Lauren Hogg, March for Our Lives, 4-17-19
Consider subscribing to Dr. Gayle’s YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYQz9QMYs2b1R1uAKnMzWQQ?fbclid=IwAR2246BAhbtZZ9MPiXY-P4a3EDQOEm9IfLpbhVKKTcES7P2i-K68H-biSB8
Interviews with global youth and adult panels from her radio show, as well as dance videos.
In their anthology titled Glimmer of Hope: How Tragedy Sparked a Movement by the Founders of March for Our Lives (2018), 16 leaders of the Never Again movement for gun control described their tactics and goals. All but one are present or recent graduates from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, where 17 people were killed in a school shooting on Valentine’s Day in 2018. Their main focus is on getting young people to register to vote and to actually vote as they think voting is the key to making political change. They toured 22 states in the summer to get out the vote and then concentrated on college campuses. They don’t have faith in existing legislators who they believe are corrupt and in bondage to their large contributors of campaign funding such as the National Rifle Association. They warned “all the politicians out there, if you take money from the NRA, you have chosen death.” They judged the legislators they lobbied in Florida and in Congress to be uninformed, not interested in listening to young people without a lot of money, “almost untouchable,” dismissive, concerned only about getting photo ops to help their next campaign. They tend to view adults in general as failures who created a broken system. They require any adult who assists them to have a youth point person to make sure their message isn’t diluted.
The students are confident that their generation is uniquely positioned to lead revolutionary change because of the information they gain from the Internet plus their skills using social media, which they believe is the key to outreach. Some of them, like Charlie Mirsky, Cameron Kasky, and David Hogg grew up interested in politics, sparked by listen to TV comedians who discuss the news such as Stephen Colbert and John Oliver. Kasky said, “I grew up consuming political media like it was candy,” formerly a “rebel without a cause.”  Growing up with superheroes and Harry Potter, Delaney Tarr said they find themselves “wanting to be these powerhouse, these superheroes who come in and just save the day.” Cameron Kasky greeting the millions of people in the march on Washington with “Welcome to the revolution.” He said, “Don’t worry, we’ve got this.” They have “an incredibly powerful tool: an outlet to millions of people all over the world at our fingertips.” Matt Deitsch promised, “The youth will fix this great nation and truly lead us to a more compassionate future. We can only do this together and with love.” They also acknowledge previous youth activists such as the civil rights era Freedom Riders.
Their worldview emphasizes intersectionality, the importance of including diversity, as in their outreach to African American youth activists in Chicago, Washington, DC, etc. They don’t have to go through a third party but can communicate directly with their networks. Jammal Lemy designed “merch” such as T-shirts and hats with a QR (quick response code) barcode to scan to register to vote. He believes that “art is the most effective media to convey messages.” They’re also unique in the youth of activists such as Naomi Wadlin, an eighth grader who led a school walk-out in Alexandria, Virginia, on March 14 or Yolanda Renee King, the granddaughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. who spoke at the Washington, DC march when she was age nine.
Specific tactics they articulated are individuals need a specific task or they won’t do anything and it’s vital to move beyond anger (and fear generated by frequent threats and harassment) to find joy and love in organizing. They think of their core group of 25 activists as a supportive family that helped them build on their grief at the loss of their friends to build a social movement. (Therapy dogs provided at school also helped them cope.) Emotion is important as “This is a movement relying on the persistence and passion of its people.” They often quote Matt Deitch who urges that “leaders create leaders,” typical of recent organizing that is wary of dominant leaders. They emphasize being nonpartisan to shape an inclusive message as negative forces “will try to separate us by demographics…by religion, race, congressional district and class. They will fail. We will come together.”
 The founders. Glimmer of Hope. Penguin, 2018, p.. 175
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Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution is available in affordable paper and ebook.
Reviewed By Edith Wairimu for Readers’ Favorite 5 stars
Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 by Gayle Kimball provides a platform for thousands of youths, from 88 countries spanning various continents. More than 4000 surveys and hundreds of interviews were conducted. Its focus is on global issues, mostly those pertaining to women on a global scale. We read the real points of view of women on gender equality and how they envisage the future. Gayle Kimball presents the issues that affect young women among different cultures. She also records young people’s take on material wealth, and the positive and negative roles that global media has played in defining the status of women. Statistics which give weight to the material are included in every chapter and topic. Direct quotations of the interviewees’ opinions are also incorporated as well as thought-provoking questions.
It was great to read a book that focuses on a group that has been overlooked by many researchers in the past. Even though the youth are the future and although they make up a vast component of the world’s population today, their voice is yet to be sufficiently recognized. Another great aspect of Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 was that Gayle Kimball captured the true voices of women across the world. It was fascinating to read the opinions of these women. Interestingly, most of their statements shared similar sentiments. They believe that it is time: time for the inclusion of women and time for equality. Uniquely designed and expertly presented, Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution, Volume 1 inspires and champions women forward.
A book for first-year students: Your Mindful Guide to Academic Success: Prevent Burnout. Also a $10 ebook.
If you’re interested in women’s culture, two older anthologies I edited are
Ed. Women’s Culture (Scarecrow Press)
Ed. Women’s Culture Revisited. (Scarecrow Press)
Resist! Goals and Tactics for Changemakers, 400 pages, will be available as a $10 ebook later this month.
Part 1: Issues and Goals
Chapter 1: Globalization Issues
Chapter 2: Democracy vs. Autocracy
Chapter 3: Equal Opportunity vs. Poverty
Chapter 4: Change Work
Chapter 5: The Bottom Line: Environmentalism
Chapter 6: Who are the Changemakers?
Part 2: Tactics and Theories
Chapter 7: Activist Tactics
Chapter 8: How to Make a Revolution
Chapter 9: Theories about Social Movements and Power
Chapter 10: Communication Techniques to Gain Support
Recommendations from the Women’s Studies list serv about female superheroes:
I’d add this from my book Brave: Young Women’s Global Revolution:
A list of the best 19 female cartoon characters was compiled by The Telegraph newspaper.[i] A Pakistani TV cartoon series called Burka Avenger spread to India and other countries in 2015. The heroine is a teacher named Jiya who wears a burka as a disguise to fight the ban on girls going to school, attacks on polio health workers by Taliban extremists, child labor, environmental destruction and other current issues.[ii] Some feminists criticize showing the burka as a symbol of liberation but Jiya is powerful. Despite progress, few girls submit their films to youth film festivals, despite film schools like Reel Girls for girls nine to 19.
Wonder Woman is the favorite female comic book superhero (since 1941), according to The Secret History of Wonder Woman (2015). The UN even appointed her as honorary ambassador for gender empowerment in October 2016 in an effort to reach young people. The campaign called “All the Wonder We Can Do” received some criticism and petition against it for picking a white woman cartoon figure in hot pants with an US flag design. One of her DC writers noted that Wonder Woman is queer due to her origins in Themyscira, an all-female island in Greek mythology. A movie about her was released in 2017, part of a long history of sexy warrior goddesses and heroines.[iii]
However, female superheroes are rare. Some are listed online, along with film superheroines.[iv] A website called Girl-Wonder.org collects positive female comic characters. The Marvel comic titled Ms. Marvel features a Pakistani-American teenager called Kamal Khan, the first Muslim girl hero in mainstream comics, collected in a book by G. Willow Wilson (2014). Marvel’s Riri Williams took over from Iron Man. She’s a science genius who went to MIT age 15. Kamal talks about women’s rights with the imam at her local mosque in Jersey City. The first Latina superhero called La Borinqueñaa was created by Puerto Rican artist Edgardo Miranda-Rodriquez.[v] Also at DC Comics, Beth Ross is the first female and teen president in Pres, elected on Twitter in 2036.[vi] (The comic can be purchased online.) Boom Box comics publishes “The Lumberjames” about a diverse group of girls at a summer camp including queer girls, “Goldie Vance” about a teenage black girl who solves mysteries, “Giant Days” about three female university students, and “Jonesy” about a Latina teenager.
[iii] Christian-Georges Schwentzel, “Selling Sex: Wonder Woman and the Ancient Fantasy of Hot Lady Warriors,” The Conversation, May 25, 2017.
[vi] Tim Beedle, “Are You Ready for Prez’s Mark Russell,?” DC Comics, August 27, 2015.
Sophia Rose Arjana’s *Veiled Superheroes*
Tim Hanley’s Wonder Woman Unbound, which discusses the feminist aspects of the character in different phases
Carolyn Cocca’s book Superwomen (published with Bloomsbury). There is also an excellent edited volume on Superheroes and Identity edited by Mel Gibson published by Routledge.
Check out Christina Blanch’s work at Aw Yeah comics:
Whaley’s *Black Women in Sequence* and Fawaz’ *The New Mutants.* Mafe’s *Where No Black Woman Has Gone Before* isn’t about comics, but it is about women heroes in popular culture and may be helpful.