Table of Contents
Part 1: Issues and Goals
Chapter 1: Globalization Issues
Globalization and Neoliberalism, Hybrid Cultures, Global Media, Global Discrimination, Global Power Shifts, War and Peace, Global Organizing
Chapter 2: Democracy vs. Autocracy
Desire for Real Democracy; Rise of Authoritarianism and Corruption; The Construction of Democracy; National Horizontal Models; Alternatives to Traditional Political Parties; Municipalist City Models—Past, Present and Future; Education Needs Democratic Reform
Chapter 3: Equal Opportunity vs. Poverty
Anti-Neoliberal Capitalism, Protests Against Inequality, Educated Middle-Class Changemakers, Solutions to Poverty and Inequality
Chapter 4: Change Work
Revolutionary Technological Changes, Young Adults Change the Work Culture, Worker Control, Gender Equity in the Workplace, Urban Economy Models, Solving Unemployment Locally, the New Economics
Chapter 5: The Bottom Line: Environmentalism
Climate Change Disasters; Case Study: Environmental Change is Difficult; Environmental Degradation; Powerful Climate Change Deniers; Tactics and Strategies; Replace Capitalism with Socialism; Change Government; Use the Courts; Attack Finance: Divestment and Boycotts; Develop Renewable Energy and Recycle, and Use Organic Agriculture; Lobby UN Climate Conferences; Our Future: Youth
Chapter 6: Who are the Changemakers?
Women Rising; No More Passive Princesses: Why Are Girls so Brave? Activists of Color: Black Activists, Latinx Dreamers, First Nation Youth Protest Pipelines
Part 2: Tactics and Theories
Chapter 7: Activist Tactics A Case Study: Generation Z Tactics in the Never Again Movement; Individual Tactics; Alternatives to Traditional Political Parties; Movement of Movements to Replace Parties and Silos; New Tactics: Tend to Emotions in Long Occupations; Nonviolent Tactics; The Tyranny of Structurelessness; New Emphasis on the Grassroots; Successful Strategies for Organizing Groups
Chapter 8: How to Make a Revolution
Revolution Defined, What Triggers a Revolution? How to Lead a Revolution, Revolutionary History, Why the Global Uprisings Moved like Dominoes, Why were Tunisians the First Domino in the Revolutionary Wave? Cracks in the Economic System, Stages of Revolution, Did the Recent Uprisings Succeed?
Chapter 9: Theories about Social Movements and Power
Theories about Power; Social Movement Theories; The Legacy of Global Justice Movement
Tactics; semi-colon Marxism, Anarchism, Feminism
Chapter 10: Communication Techniques to Gain Support
Media Power; Branding, Humor, and Theater; Electronic Networking; Debate About Too Much Emphasis on Social Media; Misuse of the Internet; Mobile Phones for All; TV, Radio and Films; Art and Music
In 2018 large demonstrations and strikes featuring young Armenians ousted their president in only three weeks. Young people grew up without communism and learned about democracy on the Internet. These young tech experts used messaging apps to coordinate the demonstrations and blocked traffic by organizing streams of pedestrians at street crossings and pushing trash bins and vehicles on streets. They empty streets were an invitation to do folk dancing. The leader of the protests, Nikol Pashinian, (age 42) became prime minister. He explained about civil disobedience, “I understood the best way to prevent violence is to be nonviolent” and told the police they were friends. He promised to reform the country’s political and economic systems in a “velvet revolution.” Pashinian is hopeful because, “if we were able to do the impossible, that means we will be able to do the difficult.”[i]
[i] Neil MacFarquhar, “He Was a Protester a Month Ago,” New York Times, May 8, 2018.
How do assemblies work with large groups of participants? Alejandra Machin Álvarez, a young economist, was involved with Spain’s 15-M from the beginning.[i] She describes her neighborhood assembly in Madrid as taking a lot of time and sometimes frustrating when a proposal you’ve worked hard to create is rejected. They remind themselves of the Zapatista slogan, “We go slowly, but we go far.” The assemblies emphasize mutual support networks and environmentalism, as when she shared Internet with her neighbors and gave them possessions she wasn’t using. They plan fun activities like concerts, group painting, and poetry recitals, as well as lobby for issues like anti-privatization of the water system in Madrid. About 350 people in her neighborhood first met on May 28, 2011. They decided on unanimous consensus, made workable by an organizing committee. It’s responsible for finding facilitators for meetings and “keeping things respectful.” A Communication Commission provides coordination and information between working groups whose topics include public services, housing, political and economic groups. The groups meet weekly, then take their proposals to the general assembly for approval. Her assembly insists on including direct action in proposals, such as protests, street performances or plans to stop evictions. Sometimes all the city assemblies join together, as on June 19 when all the Madrid assemblies marched through the streets to meet at the building for the Congress of Deputies to protest the Euro Pact. Other cities do the same kind of actions. The Madrid assemblies coordinate through a webpage—look at the list of commissions and working groups to see their interests.[ii]
[i] Alejandra Machin Álvarez, Neighborhood and Town Assemblies,” in Schiffrin and Kircher-Allen, pp. 126-132.