Tag Archives: youth

Young Armenians Oust President in 3 Weeks

In 2018 large demonstrations and strikes featuring young Armenians ousted their president in only three weeks. Young people grew up without communism and learned about democracy on the Internet. These young tech experts used messaging apps to coordinate the demonstrations and blocked traffic by organizing streams of pedestrians at street crossings and pushing trash bins and vehicles on streets. They empty streets were an invitation to do folk dancing. The leader of the protests, Nikol Pashinian, (age 42) became prime minister. He explained about civil disobedience, “I understood the best way to prevent violence is to be nonviolent” and told the police they were friends. He promised to reform the country’s political and economic systems in a “velvet revolution.” Pashinian is hopeful because, “if we were able to do the impossible, that means we will be able to do the difficult.”[i]

[i] Neil MacFarquhar, “He Was a Protester a Month Ago,” New York Times, May 8, 2018.

Youth Power: Since 2011 Youth Lead Social Movements for Rights

President Barack Obama tweeted that that “Young people have helped lead all our great movements. How inspiring to see it again in so many smart, fearless students standing up for their right to be safe; marching and organizing to remake the world as it should be. We’ve been waiting for you. And we’ve got your backs.” He was speaking to the high school students leading the Never Again movement for gun control after 17 people were shot dead at the Steadman high school in Florida on February 14, 2018.

The Children’s Crusade in Birmingham, Alabama, was an important event in the Civil Rights movement when more than a thousand high school and college students marched for desegregation in May 1963. Police attacks galvanized support for the cause which resulted in desegregation of downtown stores. Also, college students from all over the US participated in Freedom Summer, the 1964 voter registration drive in Mississippi. They helped organize 50 Freedom Schools to continue community organizing. College students led the movement for free speech on college campuses, for women’s liberation, environmentalism and protests against the Viet Nam war with demonstrations starting in 1964 to the end in 1973. After decades of less visible activism, young people helped lead the wave of uprisings that started with the Arab Spring in 2011, and in the US the Dreamer movement for Latinx immigrants, Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter, and the Never Again movement for gun control.

A large youth generation changes the cultural climate just as the Baby Boomers did in the 1960s. An even bigger group of young people, Generations Y and Z, will certainly change our global future because about half of the world’s current population is under age 30, over 60% of them growing up in the global South. Almost two billion people are ages 10 to 24. Their stories provide a glimpse into how to prepare for their horizontal leadership style and desire for direct democracy. “Do you think the new generation is changing the face of life?” asked SpeakOut student Debraj (16, m, India). Answering “yes” to Debraj’s question is one of the points of this book series. “When we think about the legacy of your generation, you’re going to define it. And in doing so, you’ll define the world,” predicted Zeenat Rahman, Special Advisor to the US Secretary of State and Director of the Office of Global Youth Issues.

In a 2013 address to youth UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said, “young people are shaping the world” because they’re half the world’s population in a “youth quake.” He asked them, “Are you ready to shake things up?” He told world leaders to listen to young people and to women and to respond to their needs because youth know how to use social media to “change history,” as they did in the Arab Spring and will continue to do over the long run.[i] I list over 40 youth-led uprisings since 2011. For example, in Asia, Hong Kong students are the most active in fighting for independence from the mainland, known as the Umbrella Movement of 2014, who formed their own party called Demosisto. Beijing retaliated by putting some of the rebel leaders in jail and prohibiting two of them from being seated in the legislature, despite being voted in. It also prohibited Agnes Chow, 21, from running in a 2018 election. Taiwan’s minority party became the majority in the legislature and elected a woman president who promised to work on finding jobs for youth with a new model of economic development, actions traced to the Sunflower movement, as is the formation of the New Power party. Similarly, in South Korea the opposition party gained a majority in the 2016 elections due to the turnout of voters in their 20s and 30s to protest the status quo. Japanese students were galvanized by the Fukushima nuclear plant disaster in 2011 to protest against more nuclear plants and militarization.

[i] http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/library/2013/03/81764.html

Today’s youth are caring, engaged political actors–agree?

Today’s youth are caring, engaged political actors

By Gayle Kimball, opinion contributor to The Hill— 10/14/17 11:00 AM EDT

My article generated lots of nasty right wing comments, hope you’ll make comments as well.


Ageism: Youth are an Ignored Resource

Ageism: Youth are an Ignored Resource

You’re invited to critique chapters of interest before the book is published.

Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017

Gayle Kimball, Ph.D.

       Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Ageist Scholars Ignore Youth

Chapter 2: The Maligned Generation

Chapter 3: Anxious and Depressed

Chapter 4: The Narcissism Debate

Appendices: Resources for Global Youth Studies

Appendix 1: Appendix 1 Global Youth SpeakOut Survey Results

Appendix 2 Films About Young People

Appendix 3 Internet Global Youth Resources

Appendix 4 Large Global Surveys of Youth

Appendix 5 Academic Research on Youth

Appendix 6 Books About Global Youth and Youth in the Middle East



Youth Social Attitudes in India

A survey by Hansa Research titled “The Youth Vote,” interviewed 4107 people ages 18 to 25 in 16 cities in 2013.[i] It revealed gender differences: Probably because they have more freedom of movement, young men are more likely to have done social service (34% to 27%) and pay a bribe, 20% to 11%.

Not broken down by gender, what they think stops India from progress—in this order: poverty, corruption, terrorism, caste (68% think caste matters to youth and 76% won’t marry outside their caste), and lack of empowerment for women. As to how to improve women’s lives, men’s attitudes should change (52%), police should follow laws more strictly (51%), and better laws are needed (48%). Almost one-quarter think there’s too much emphasis on domestic violence (23%), while a third (31%) thinks there’s too littlie emphasis. A third feel home isn’t safe for women (34%), more so in Delhi (60%). More think women are unsafe in public places (71%) and in colleges and at work (59%). But over half of women think they have equal opportunities at work (51%). The South (67%) is more egalitarian than the North (45%).

Youth are traditional, saying they will have an arranged marriage (63%) and won’t marry outside their religion because they believe in traditions (68%), would become an outcaste (14%), and they want to obey their parents (10%). More men would like a stay-at-home wife (48%), than a working wife (20%) or either (21%), so she can devote herself to family (60%) and it’s the best place for women (37%). Women would more like to have a husband who works in an office (49%) than one who works from home (21%), or either (21%). Parents totally paid for their education for 79% of them. Only 13% say they would prefer to live with a partner (LTA) without marriage or are fine with either. Over half say LTAs are immoral or socially unacceptable. Over two-thirds (65%) would prefer a secure government job to a high-paid private job and 38% think they need the right connections to succeed. One-third would like to study abroad.


[i] http://www.ndtv.com/myvote/photo.aspx?Page=1&ID=16655